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Does Paternity Testing Work?

Doctor feels pregnant woman's stomach

We provide services for parents who want or need to determine paternity as fast as possible.

There are many reasons why someone might want to test the paternity of their child or children. Maybe a past tryst has made a parent uncertain about who is the father of her child. An expecting mother might want to ensure the right man is raising their children. Or maybe two parents just want to be sure. Whatever the reason, there are many new options for a parent who wants to test the paternity of their child. Now, labs can test paternity as early as 9 weeks in to the mothers’ pregnancy.

How Do They Test For Paternity?

There are several ways to test paternity. Postnatal paternity testing can be performed by collecting cheek swabs or performing blood tests. Labs and hospitals can collect samples from all of the parties involved and test the connection between the parents (or alleged parents) and the children. For a paternity test for an unborn child, you can still perform blood tests. The child’s DNA can be detected in the mother’s blood, and so it is possible to perform a non-invasive DNA paternity test. There are other, more invasive options, but they carry greater risks.

Non-Invasive Prenatal Paternity Testing

Pros:

  • Performed at home
  • No risk of inducing miscarriage
  • Results posted online
  • Blood sample collection
  • Testing by week 9 of pregnancy
  • Results as quickly as 3-7 business days

Cons:

  • Potential for human error
  • Requires mail system

Invasive Prenatal Paternity Testing

Pros:

  • Sample collection performed by professionals
  • A more in-depth test

Cons:

  • Small chance of pregnancy complication (including potential for miscarriage)
  • Requires driving to a hospital or lab, which may not be nearby

With this information, individuals will have to decide for themselves “What is the best paternity test?” While the risk of minor and major pregnancy complications is relatively small, most parents would probably choose the more cautious route of a non-invasive prenatal DNA paternity test.

Are Home Paternity Tests Accurate?

Some people might question the accuracy of a paternity test you can conduct yourself in your own home. As long as both potential parents submit samples, the results returned are up to 99.9% accuracy. But can paternity DNA test be wrong? The only thing that could reduce the accuracy of the test is tampering or human error. However, parents could always seek a second opinion if they’re unsure of the outcome of their paternity test, regardless of the accuracy listed on the original test.

Paternity Testing for Family Court

A man and a woman argue in front of a judge

Questioning paternity can cause problems, but our team offers solutions.

This raises another concern of a barrier someone wanting a paternity test might run into. What if only one person wants to test the paternity of their child? Can a father ask for a paternity test? What if a mother wants to test who the father of her baby is, but the potential father refuses a paternity test? Each instance raises its own set of complications and problems. For a person caught in a scenario like this, the answer is usually getting a court ordered paternity test. If a father wants to test the paternity of a child that he thinks is his, he must file the necessary paperwork and submit it to family court. If the potential father is unwilling or unable to get the court ordered paternity test, or wants to wait, there is always the potential for a test after the child is born. Cheek swabs from the potential father and the child can be compared for paternity without the mother’s DNA.

If a potential father is trying to get the family court to force a paternity test, then he should avoid signing the birth certificate. Family court as an institution sees signing the birth certificate as an acknowledgment of paternity, and will not require a DNA test if his signature is on the paperwork.

Does a Paternity Test Give a Father Rights? Unfortunately, a paternity test only proves parentage. Only the court can resolve issues regarding paternity testing and child support, or custody issues This is a section of the paperwork regarding family court. Instead of just filing for paternity, a potential father can file for paternity and custody.

Man gets blood drawn by professional

Even when only one person questions paternity, we can deliver the answers.

At the same time, a mother can utilize the family court in the same way and file to establish paternity with family court. This is the best way to ensure a custody and support agreement is reached if a man does not want to submit to a paternity test and refuses to sign the birth certificate. In cases where the mother wants to establish paternity, but the alleged father does not, a non-invasive, prenatal DNA paternity test is easier to get. If the father wants the paternity test, but the mother does not, the time it takes the courts to mandate a paternity test make a DNA paternity test before the child is born unlikely.

For more information about non-invasive DNA paternity testing, contact the experts at Choice DNA.

Infidelity: What Does It Mean?

Suspicious Spouse Catches Her Husband in Infidelity.

Suspicions of Infidelity Can Lead to Paranoia, Self-Doubt, and Fear.

In an ideal world, no marriage would ever have to suffer the turmoil of infidelity. Unfortunately, it happens all the time, to husbands and wives alike. What’s worse, when you consider all the events that can shake a marriage, including money problems, parental burnout, meddling in-laws, poor communication, addiction, or the collision of careers and home life, none create as big a disturbance as infidelity. Quite often, an extramarital affair will doom a marriage. This can happen immediately after discovery, or even years later, when the cheated-upon spouse finally realizes they checked out long before. The total destruction of trust, which forms the bedrock of every marriage, serves to explain the level of infidelity’s impact.

At Choice DNA, we understand that nothing creates more anxiety and distress than the suspicion of infidelity. As you wonder if your spouse has cheated, the uncertainly will overtake your entire life. You will become suspicious of their every word and action, second-guess everything they say, become paranoid and obsessive, and, sadly enough, perhaps begin to doubt your own sanity. In circumstances like these, you need answers. At Choice DNA, we can provide this through infidelity testing. To learn more about this service, including how we test for infidelity, contact us today.

Why Infidelity Happens

Of course, most victims of infidelity rarely experience anything close to resolution upon the confirmation of their fears. In fact, knowing the truth about an unfaithful spouse often proves just the beginning of even more questions and uncertainty. The question of “why” often proves paramount. In many cases, the cheating spouse themselves cannot even answer this question. According to psychologists, however, adultery tends to occur for the following reasons.

Emotional Disconnection: Most people are surprised to learn that emotional distance serves as the number one reason for infidelity. Cheaters typically cite loneliness and a feeling of isolation as they seek validation outside the marriage. An emotional affair may begin, in which they begin to feel appreciated. Eventually, this emotional connection will flower into a physical relationship.

Physical Gratification: It’s typical for the blast of sexual passion that defines a relationship’s honeymoon phase to dissipate. At that point, some marriages settled into a sexual rut, while others define new ways to explore sexuality as an exciting extension of personal discovery. While the latter serves to indicate a healthy marriage, the former sets up prime conditions for an affair.

Circumstantial: Believe it or not, affairs sometimes occur in relationships for neither emotional nor physical reasons. They simply develop according to circumstance. For example, one spouse might travel often for work. One night, while at a conference, they have one too many drinks at the hotel bar, and fall into bed with the flirtatious stranger who sits down next to them. These types of affairs can often prove the most damaging, simply because there is no definitive reason.

Surviving Infidelity: How Infidelity Changes You

Woman Sitting on the Side of the Bed While Spouse Sleeps as an Indicator of Infidelity.

Sexual and Emotional Distance Are Prime Causes of Adultery.

Should a couple decide to stay together in the aftermath of infidelity, they should expect broad changes to the relationship. Every day will come with challenges, as both partners try to navigate the wreckage of their initial commitment. The victim will find it difficult, if not downright impossible, to trust their spouse. The cheater, on the other hand, may have to deal with self-esteem issues, along with a relentless sense of guilt and shame. Counseling will often prove necessary to support the marriage’s survival. The victim, in particular, can expect the following repercussions in the aftermath of an extramarital affair.

  • Total Loss of Trust
  • Disintegration of Confidence in Your Marriage, Your Spouse, and Yourself
  • Realignment of Priorities, Including Career, Children, and Personal Goals
  • Massive Shifts in Libido, Both Negative and Positive

Of course, it’s not uncommon for marriages afflicted with adultery to fail altogether. Though infidelity and divorce often seem like concomitant terms, however, statistics prove otherwise. Believe it or not, 70 percent of marriages with a cheating partner wind up surviving. This proves that it’s not all doom and gloom in the aftermath of an affair. Some marriages can even emerge stronger than ever. This occurs due to the intense work that both spouses must perform to keep the marriage going. Over time, this crucible can refine and evolve a marriage, make it tougher, more resilient, and, surprisingly enough, stronger than ever before.

Infidelity FAQ

What Are Signs of Infidelity?

It’s important to keep in mind that a cheating spouse may exhibit all the common signs of infidelity, or none at all. Every situation has its own particulars. However, commonly cited reasons to suspect infidelity include:

  • Positive Changes in Personal Appearance
  • Dramatically Different Attitude to the Spouse
  • Emotional Distance
  • Guilt-Ridden Behavior
  • Odd or Unusual Behavior or Changes in Routine
  • Lots of “Late Nights at the Office”, i.e. They Always Seem Busy
  • Frequently Don’t Answer Their Phone or Respond Promptly to Messages
  • Drastic Changes in Sexual Behavior
  • The Sudden Appearance of a “New Friend”
  • Extreme Defensiveness

What Do You Call Someone Who Commits Infidelity?

There are typically many names that a victim will call his or her cheating spouse. The technical term is “adulterer”, however.

Can Someone Go to Jail for Adultery?

Believe it or not, adultery is a crime in 21 states. Punishments range from a $10 fine in Maryland, to three years in jail in Massachusetts.

Do Marriages Survive Infidelity?

Yes. Despite the fact that 62 percent of people say they would leave their adulterous spouse, 70 percent of marriages survive the turmoil.

Will Infidelity Happen Again?

The  old adage of “once a cheater, always a cheater” is simply not true. In most cases, the work done to keep a marriage going after an affair suffices to snuff out the conditions that led to the affair. In the case of spouses who cheat time and again, sex addiction represents the most likely cause.

The Limits of Drug Testing

Sign Prohibiting the Use of Drugs

To Effectively Protect Your Business Drug Users, You Should Know a Drug Test Time Table.

If you are an employer who performs drug tests, you’ve likely come to rely on them to identify problematic or troubled employees. Drug tests can also serve as an important tool in the hiring process, as they allow you to pass on candidates with unacceptable habits. Unfortunately, drug testing has its limits. In order for your drug testing to serve an effective purpose, you must schedule it with frequent regularity. Otherwise, drugs will simply evaporate from an employee’s system. In order to judge a test’s effectiveness, it also behooves you to know the limit of a drug test time table.

Drug Test Time Table

If you schedule tests carefully, you can effectively capture evidence of any drug in the system of a user. Certain drugs are easier to detect than others, however, thanks to length of time they remain in a person’s system. For each drug, we’ve identified the upper limit of its presence.

  • Alcohol: Five days in urine, 12 hours in blood.
  • Amphetamines: Three days in urine, 12 hours in blood
  • Barbiturates: Four days in urine, two days in blood
  • Benzodiazepines: Six weeks in urine, three days in blood
  • Marijuana: 30 days in urine, two weeks in blood
  • Cocaine: Four days in urine, two days in blood
  • Codeine: One day in urine, 12 hours in blood
  • Heroin: Four days in urine, 12 hours in blood
  • LSD: Three days in urine, three hours in blood
  • MDMA (ecstasy): Four days in urine, two days in blood
  • Methamphetamine (crystal meth): Six days in urine, 72 hours in blood
  • Methadone: Four days in urine, 36 hours in blood
  • Morphine: Three days in urine, eight hours in blood

Based on the preceding information, you can clearly see that urine tests are more effective for the longer-term detection of drug use. At Choice DNA, we proudly provide for this test, and can ensure accurate results. To learn more about the benefits of drug testing, or to clarify a drug test time table, call 800-219-4362 today.

Why do Ancestry DNA Testing?

Ancestral Old Time PhotosDiscovering more about your ancestry and filling out your family tree is a fun activity you may be considering. Ancestry DNA testing can help! This testing service can use maternal DNA, paternal DNA, or both to help you fill in the blanks and identify your bio-geographic ancestry. Many people have heard of the benefits of ancestry DNA testing but have yet to get it out of concerns of how beneficial it would actually be to them. There are a plethora of reasons to get one of these DNA tests:

  • Assists in your DNA Research by pointing you in the right direction
  • Allows you to track your family’s migration
  • You can research your family’s surname
  • The test is comparatively cheap and simple
  • It can be fun!

With an ancestry test, you can even connect with living relatives that you did not know about previously and have a history to pass on to the next generation. With so many advantages, what’s stopping you from getting an Ancestry DNA test today?

How Long Does It Take to Get Results?

At Choice DNA, we believe in giving affordable and accurate DNA testing to our clients. In order to ensure you get the best results for your research, we compile the results and send them to you as soon as possible within a period of two to five business days. While that may seem like a long time, you can guarantee that our results will give you the information you need and be helpful in your search. Choice DNA is your source for quality DNA testing services, providing you with documentation appropriate your needs in an extensive range of testing needs. Contact us today at 800-219-4362.

How DNA Tests Can Clear Your Name Of A Crime You Didn’t Commit

Forensic DNA testing has helped solve many crimes and catch criminals, and can even help to free the wrongfully convicted. Still a relatively new invention, DNA testing has multiple variations of tests that can be conducted depending on what you are looking for in the results.

DNA Testing Can Help The Wrongfully Convicted Be Proven Innocent and the Correct Criminals Arrested

How Does DNA Testing Work?

DNA is found in blood, semen, saliva, urine, feces, hair, teeth, bone, tissues, and cells. If any of these biological materials are found at a crime scene, they are collected by a forensic DNA analyst. In a complex process using advanced science and machinery, the DNA is extracted from the cell to be analyzed and tested.  For forensic DNA testing, there are three main tests performed to identify a person from a crime scene.

Y-STR: This type is only found on the Y Chromosome in males. This test is useful when it comes to investigating sexual assault evidence or if there is more than one perpetrator to the crime.

Mini-STR: DNA at crime scenes can be minimal or tampered with. This testing system takes a smaller sample and magnifies it so that it can be utilized, helping to solve a lot of cold cases.

Forensic Paternity: This type of test is helpful for crimes like rape or incest. It can also help identify missing persons through family members who are available to be tested through reference samples like a mouth swab.

Quality Forensic DNA Testing

Forensic DNA testing can also be used to expunge someone of a wrongfully convicted crime. There are ways of proving innocence post conviction, like if forensic DNA testing results show that there are no traces of your DNA at the crime scene. Forensic DNA testing services are available from Choice DNA. Call (800) 219-4362 if you have any questions.

How Infidelity Tests Could Help You

Are you under suspicion that your partner is cheating on you? If you have a gut feeling that they are cheating but you don’t have substantial proof, infidelity tests could help you. Below are some of the ways that an infidelity lab test could help you get the answers that you need.

How Infidelity Tests Could Help You

Think Your Partner Is Cheating? Infidelity Tests Will Set the Record Straight.

Get Peace of Mind

Not knowing can drive you absolutely crazy. By getting an item of your partner tested, such as a condom, clothing, tissue, or another object, you will know for sure if they are cheating, giving you better peace of mind.

You’ll Have Evidence

If you have your doubts about the loyalty of your partner but they deny it or you don’t have enough proof, this type of test will give you the substantial proof to prove that they are in fact being unfaithful. There are infidelity tests that you can buy at a store, but they aren’t necessarily credible. With have the actual resources, like labs and experts who can determine if they are cheating or not.

The Service Is Completely Confidential

This type of situation can be very delicate, so we will be very discreet, not only in procuring the evidence but also when we provide the test results. We will walk you through the whole process and ensure that nothing private comes out.

You deserve to know the truth so you can get out of an unfaithful relationship, so call Choice DNA at 800-219-4362 whenever you want an infidelity test to get the answers that you need.

Using DNA Testing To Your Benefit

There are so many opportunities for many people to need to have their DNA tested or want to have it tested. Technology has advanced very rapidly over the last 15 years and with that has come the amazing advancements in DNA testing. Nowadays, anyone can walk into a testing center and get a paternity test done or even see if they have a match with someone who they think could be their sibling. This is a great technology that only seems to be growing more and more as time goes on. There are ways to test your heritage and even see if you have any long lost family that you didn’t know about. Here are just a few ways that you can use DNA to your benefit.

Children – If you have a child and are not married, if you go to court for custody, you may need a paternity test to be able to prove that who you say is the father, is the father. This is a quick and easy way to get the results and have the answers that you have been looking for.

Parents – Have you been wondering if your mother or father is actually your biological parent? By doing a paternity test, you can answer these questions that you have been wanting to know. The process is rather easy and you get your results back quickly and with clear and accurate results.

If you need a DNA test or would like to know more information about how this all works, call Choice DNA by dialing (800) 219-4362, today.

How DNA Testing Can Benefit Your Immigration Case

There are many reasons why you may be dealing with an immigration case . You may want to immigrate to the country for many reasons. Maybe you are handling the case on behalf of a family member. You and your family simply want to start your new life. Regardless immigration can be a long and difficult process and leave you and your loved ones with a lot of paperwork. There are even situations in which you may need to get a DNA test to add to your paperwork.

What is Immigration DNA Testing?

Immigration

Usually used specifically for cases that involve a family, immigration DNA testing is used to identify that everyone involved is indeed family. This test will work for identifying paternity, maternity, and even siblings. If you do not have the appropriate documentation to prove identity, such as birth certificate, this will come into play. The results are sent to the court for review.

How Do I Handle It?

If you have a court ordered DNA testing required, get with an accredited lab to comp[lete your testing. If you are looking for a way to make things go smoother for your case, consider getting a DNA test prior to filing for your case. The lab will produce a thorough report that you can add to your packet and turn in. This will prevent lengthening of the immigration process and help you and your family’s cause.

Choice DNA is your choice for quality DNA testing service for your impending case. Need to get started today? Call us at 800-219-4362 for your needs!

Finding Your Biological Parents Through DNA Testing

Just about every person who has gone through the adoption system has at one time or another wondered about their birth parents. Now, through the innovation and technology of DNA testing, we can discover more about our family and our roots than ever before. And because this trend is becoming so popular, it can even help you find birth parents, grandparents, aunts and uncles, or another long-lost family member.

We Can Identify and Locate Your Family Traits

Let Our Experts Help Find Answers to Your Biggest Questions.

How Can DNA Help?

With so many individuals having their DNA tested for ancestry, health screening, and even child conception, there is actually a great chance that when you enter your information in, you will get some sort of match. After you receive your DNA results, simply enter your information into heavily-used databases such as AncestryDNA, Family Tree DNA, or MyHeritage. You are likely to get some sort of match, whether it be a parent or a cousin.

How Does it Work?

You receive about half of your DNA from your parents. The other half is a compilation of grandparents. So, when your DNA is entered into the database, it will scan others’ DNA to find matches. According to how similar they are, you may be looking at a cousin, aunt, sibling or even parent. Unlike other testing forms, there are no known variances to these rules, so your answers are always concrete.

If you were adopted as a child and are wondering about your family tree, the experts at Choice DNA can help. We can provide affordable DNA testing to help you identify and locate your family. If you’re ready to know, call us today at 800-219-4362.

Why Are Companies Using Hair Drug Testing?

Hair to Be Used in Hair Drug Testing

Testing Hair for Drugs Provides Better Results than Traditional Urine Testing.

Many companies require their employees to pass a drug test before being hired and ask them to take drug tests periodically during their employment. With recent advances in technology, drug testing has become more sophisticated and accurate. If you need someone to handle your employee drug tests, Choice DNA is here to serve. We provide a variety of services, including hair drug testing.

What is Hair Drug Testing

The most common form of company drug tests is through a urine sample, but many organizations are opting to go with hair drug testing, which involves testing1.5-inch hair that was cut very close to the scalp. There are many reasons why this is becoming a popular method to test for drug abuse:

It is harder to Cheat
Some people try to cheat drug tests by providing someone else’s urine sample. Hair samples are collected by a professional, which means it can’t be changed by the person being tested.

It is more accurate
Hair drug testing has been proven to be almost ten times more accurate than a regular urine test. It can also show the abuse of a wide range of drugs, include cocaine, marijuana, and heroin.

It Is Accurate for Longer
There is a 24 to 48 hour window for urine drug testing. Hair drug testing can provide accurate results for several months after the incident.

When you need fast, accurate drug test results, call Choice DNA at 800-219-4362. We offer the most current drug testing services, including hair drug testing in Merrillville, IN.