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Can DNA tests be wrong?

DNA

Do DNA tests show both parents?

Depending on your type of DNA test, there are possibilities in the process you may not account for. Tests that test the DNA shared between a child and a parent can have a low chance of offering a false positive or come back inconclusive. However, when it comes to the modern DNA testing process, the chance of something being wrong or misleadingly inaccurate is less than a ten percent chance. Day by day, when the process is done correctly the tests get more accurate. This is due to the wealth of information available to testers and the advanced technology used to examine the DNA. For ancestry testing, in particular, there is a process the tester will put the DNA through that picks up similarities with people that had lived in the places the DNA can be traced back to. 

When it comes to parents, or paternity and maternity testing, a child will get fifty percent of their DNA from each. If the child knows one parent, the test gets extremely easy. Furthermore, DNA testing can exclude those that are not the father or mother by ninety-nine to one hundred percent. Ancestry testing in this regard can also help by putting the genetic information in a database and matching it to those that it has the reference to. It narrows down the search and can greatly assist the endeavor of finding a blood relative. If you are in need of ancestry or paternal testing, trust Choice DNA in Merrillville, IN to help find the information you need. Call 800-219-4362 to schedule your appointment and get the process started.

What can someone do with your DNA?

When it comes to the legality of using DNA against a person, the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act prevents any health care company or employer from using and/or referencing genetic material in the process of employment or coverage. The act of gene theft is the action of someone acquiring your DNA without your knowledge or against your wishes. Some companies may have an interest in the information about you, which includes your genetic material, but it is an invasion of privacy when done in a malicious manner and can lead to legal issues.

When it comes to a crime in which you are the victim, your DNA can be accessed by health officials and involved law agencies. This can be done without a warrant and it is located in your health record. This is generally due to if something were to happen to you, health providers can have a better picture about who you are while police can gather information better through that window.

Paired with your other health documents and if it is in a legal database, this can inform either the police or health providers a great deal such as:

  • Diseases you may have
  • Information about your identity
  • Association with different conditions

While the police department would be using it in reference to a crime, doctors and nurses would use it to piece together treatments for you or to help them in finding your health records.

Can you share DNA and not be related?

Normally, DNA is shared through paternal and maternal lines, a person would not normally share random strangers DNA if they are unrelated. When members of the family get DNA testing, the general consensus is that grandparents share with you around twenty-five percent of your genetic material while cousins can share around thirteen percent. As a person’s line is less direct to you, so is there DNA by a wide margin. As mentioned, DNA testing in that regard tells you who you are not related to. When it comes to a person of no relation to yourself, you will find that you share no similarity if both of you were to get DNA testing.

There’s a common misconception that mouth swabs can lead to incorrect or inaccurate results in terms of DNA testing. Unlike other kinds of tests, contamination will not have any real consequence besides the loss of that specific test. The lab will at that point simply ask for another swab of the person getting tested due to the conditions being recognizable and the DNA that was originally sent being unreadable.

DNA testing

What diseases can genetic testing find?

Genetic testing can find a wealth of diseases a person may have, but it does not necessarily mean the person does have the disease their parents or ancestors had. There is a multitude of explanations for this, but one can be described as the test recipient has a bodily makeup that either resists the disease, the disease lays dormant in that person, or it simply does not pass on. DNA testing can determine such diseases the test taker may have like:

  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Estimates risk for common diseases
  • Status for diseases found in the bloodstream or tissue

You can figure out if you are resistant to some diseases when of course the disease is well recognized. Diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s can also be caught with DNA testing, though it is more so a test dictating you are more or less likely to have it on some occasions. We recommend speaking to an expert on the subject that can offer more information like those found at Choice DNA in Merrillville, IN. Call 800-219-4362 today to set up your appointment and get your DNA testing done with us.

What does DNA Testing tell you?

DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the genetic makeup of every living organic thing and carries the instructions for growth, functioning, development, and even reproduction. Being in a double helix form that allows it to carry such information, DNA testing can tell the recipient a wealth of knowledge that can be both personal or public depending on what they are looking for. Whether it is covering the person’s personal health, their ancestry, how they will develop, and more, DNA contains every bit of information that culminates into the person being researched. Not only for broad reasons, but DNA testing can also help with the discovery of a person to discover their blood relatives and specific diets that will activate positive or negative reactions to their personal health. Choice DNA can help with all of these DNA services and more with a call to 800-219-4362, you too can learn about yourself through your own DNA.

Is DNA testing 100% accurate?

While it may seem that  DNA testing examines only one thing, the process by nature actually must look over multiple factors that make the genetic make up of what is given for study. For that reason, modern DNA testing cannot promise one hundred percent accuracy in every subject, but can give a great amount of detail in each subject with the accuracy of each being over ninety percent. That is just if the person or situation only runs on the DNA given for DNA testing, going through a rigorous process of reading the genetic code and matching it to what is already known by using what DNA has already been explored. 

Being that two people cannot have the same DNA, each person has their own unique genetic code that makes up their person. Those that study DNA and carry out DNA testing can recognize certain qualities that would make up a person based on what they find in their genetic material, helping to paint a picture of that person’s appearance. This can also lead the person studying the material to be led towards direct family members such as siblings and parents, who share fifty percent of the genetic material with the person they are related to. 

This hopefully assists in explaining how DNA testing helps solve crimes. Law enforcement, when finding genetic material, better know the likelihood that a specific person that had committed a crime if not directly leading law enforcement to the perpetrator of a crime. If an adult is convicted of a crime, law enforcement can retain that DNA upon conviction. This includes genetic material recovered by them during an investigation and fingerprints taken during the process after the conviction. All the data from the process is put into a CODIS (Combined DNA Codex System), which is maintained by the Federal Bureau of investigation or the FBI.

What can DNA testing tell you?

As mentioned, DNA can tell you a wealth of things that can describe your ancestry and personal health. Doctors often use genetic testing to help patients with diagnosing chronic or developing diseases in the person and assist in helping determine an appropriate path of treatment. Being the genetic code that directs a living thing to develop, DNA testing can inform a child’s parents how roughly they will develop into an adult. It will also indicate what to be prepared for if a disease maternally or paternally is passed on by the parent. 

A DNA test can also help determine a person’s personal qualities such as race and nationality through snippets of what can be found through their genetic heritage. There is an assumption that the test will tell you exactly what group your makeup belongs to, but that is not necessarily true. DNA testing pinpoints what makes up a person and helps them determine their ancestry by way of showing the factors that can be shared with the relevant data used as references. While it may not paint an exact picture of a person’s race or place of origin, it be huge in helping figure it out if not solving it with correlating information. 

Can DNA tests be done with just the father and child?

When it comes to blood relatives, DNA testing can help deduce who a child’s parents are. Both parents do not have to be present in order to test their child’s DNA and neither do both have to be tested in order for it to be conducted, but testing both parents does paint the best picture in terms of DNA testing a child. Furthermore, a child receives half their genetic code from one parent and half from the other. That means that while the chances are high when only one parent commits to a DNA test with their child, it is possible for the test to not be capable of showing a conclusive result for a direct paternal or maternal link. 

Siblings on the other hand also share fifty percent of their genetic code. Even for fraternal twins, there is fifty percent in relating characteristics, but as mentioned before no two people have one hundred percent the same DNA. While it may seem like that makes the results inconclusive, it still has above a ninety percent accurate result and often helps families in a multitude of successful cases.

When it comes to family or loved ones however, Choice DNA has Project Reconnect to help with connecting to family members that are veterans or are caught up in natural disasters. We understand the interest in finding those that were lost or may need help, that is why we have set up our DNA testing system especially for those in need.

What are DNA testing kits?

A DNA testing kit is generally a package that comes with a swab and a test tube that can be sealed. The intention upon receiving such a package is to swab the inside of your cheek, fill the tube with enough saliva, and send it to the indicated lab for testing. While a doctors office will use your genetic data for your personal health, these kits are more popularly designed to determine your ancestry, matching your genetic makeup with both those that are already cataloged as well as finding pertinent information about what makes up a person’s design. These tests can point to a person’s heritage stemming back generations and as time goes on, the tests will be able to go further back to determine a person’s ancestors.

What is Forensic DNA Testing?

forensic scientist checking for evidence behind a crime scene barrier

Learn More About Forensic DNA Testing?

Perhaps one of the more important types of DNA testing, forensic DNA testing is essential in helping to determine missing information in a crime scene investigation. It can determine information from the victim or suspects such as determining the conditions of a suspect during a crime. It can also pull up on other unknown information surrounding a crime that was not easily discerned without testing. As with any criminal case, it’s important to rely on professional services as far as the process of solving a case. If you have any inquiries, be sure to do your research and get in touch with a professional DNA testing company. Here is some information regarding forensic DNA testing that may prove useful to you.

When did forensic DNA testing start?

Forensic DNA testing started as a process by Jeffreys in connection with Dave Werrett and Peter Fill of the Forensic Science Service (FSS) when it was first used in solving the murder of two teens who were raped and murdered in Narborough, Leicestershire in 1983 and 1986.

How does forensic DNA testing work?

Forensic DNA testing is typically used with deposited materials at a crime scene and compared to known samples taken from a victim or suspect. Most of these DNA samples are then submitted to a lab to extract the DNA from the cell. There are then additional steps or methods used in the process of forensic DNA testing.

What methods are used to test DNA?

The methods of testing DNA involve four steps that encompass extraction, quantitation, amplification, and capillary electrophoresis. With the incorporation of forensic DNA testing, techniques have been developing rapidly with given methods of analysis. Such methods include short tandem repeats, dot blots of allelic sequence information, mitochondrial sequence determination and restriction fragment length polymorphisms.

Forensic Technician shows swabs to remove DNA at the scene after a crime

How does forensic DNA testing work?

  • Extraction
  • Quantitation
  • Amplification
  • Capillary Electrophoresis
  • DNA Profiling

DNA Profiling

DNA profiling will be used as a forensic technique with forensic DNA testing in a criminal investigation in order to compare a criminal suspect’s profile to DNA evidence. This will determine the likelihood of a criminal suspect’s involvement in a crime. DNA profiling is also used with other cases like to establish immigration eligibility, parentage, and can also help with medical and genealogical and research. 

What do forensic toxicologists do?

Forensic toxicologists perform scientific tests on tissue samples as well as bodily fluids in order to determine if there are any chemicals or drugs in the body. As far as investigating a crime a forensic toxicologist will be part of the team investigating and will have the job of isolating and identifying any substances in the body that could have contributed to the crime.

What degree does a forensic DNA analyst need?

The degree that’s required for DNA analysis is a Bachelor’s degree in forensic science, biology or chemistry with a good amount of course work in molecular biology, genetics, statistics, and biochemistry.  

How long does forensic DNA testing take?

Forensic DNA testing takes about 24-72 hours but the amount of time that it takes to take DNA from a crime scene can span as long as 14 days. With this, it can sometimes be the case that suspects have been released by the time results come around. 

Problems With Forensic DNA Testing

It’s important to have forensic DNA testing that’s reliable especially when they’re needed for evidence in court cases. This will lie in the reliability of a laboratory with its analysis processes like following the recognized standard of disclosure. Even in civil (noncriminal) cases like paternity or proof of death the standard of admissibility must be high in case of DNA evidence not being positive.

How accurate is forensic DNA testing?

There is no test that will result in 100% accuracy as there are many factors that can determine results. 

Can you refuse to give a DNA sample to the police?

Some states will only allow using reasonable force after a court order has been granted in order to obtain a sample for forensic DNA testing. Certain jurisdictions may have the refusal of providing a DNA sample deemed as a crime that is punishable by a fine and imprisonment.

Get Professional Assistance When Necessary

Be sure to get in contact with a reliable professional laboratory regarding your need for forensic DNA testing in Merriville, IN. A well-established DNA testing lab will be able to properly follow guidelines and protocol regarding the processes of analysis and further the investigation of a case. In connection to DNA testing, related services like having theft and vandalism insurance claim help can be useful if applicable. Get the answers that you need for legal matters with the incorporation of forensic DNA testing. Get in touch with a professional lab today to get the process started.

If you need forensic DNA testing in Merrillville and Hammond, IN call 800-219-4362 with Choice DNA! 

How do you get a court ordered DNA test?

Court Required DNA testing

DNA testing for legal needs

It would seem like “everyone” is all about having their DNA tested these days doesn’t it? We all want to know or heritage and lineage more than ever it seems. There are other uses too, like testing DNA used as evidence

DNA testing and court cases are an everyday occurrence like DNA testing for court cases like child support and criminal cases. There are requirements for DNA testing for court in immigration cases and DNA testing court ordered for probation hearings, and others. 

Can you legally request a DNA test?

Regarding a DNA test for paternity testing, the complex laboratory process is very accurate in helping to identify a child’s biological father. In these types of situations, the purpose of testing DNA used as evidence is to give clear evidence to all involved in cases of child support. 

Sometimes the mother may not be sure of who the father is, or a man may question his paternity. In either case, that mother or father may want to establish their parentage with a legal request for DNA testing. However, it isn’t as easy as sending a request or volunteering to be tested. 

The legal system has a process to request DNA used as evidence that must be followed. The first step for either side is to contact a lawyer who will draft the proper paperwork and file it accordingly with the courts. Either parent (or alleged parent) can begin this process to establish paternity. 

After the court has received the petition, they will have it served to all parties involved in the case. If the alleged father is married to another person, they both will need to be served. 

 Can a DNA test be wrong?

While testing DNA used as evidence has become more accurate and exact, that doesn’t mean there are no errors and reality and results may contradict each other, thereby making the DNA test results wrong. How does this happen in an environment that is protected and sterile?

  • Tests Tampering: Testing DNA used as evidence can be tampered with by any person that has access to the sample that is submitted.
  • Lab Error: As accurate and careful as laboratories are that handle DNA used as evidence, there is a small room for errors that lead to inaccurate or wrong results.
  • Related Paternity Candidates: The possibility of erroneous testing of DNA used as evidence could be a blood relation between the father and the child. An example would be if a direct blood relative of the father is the actual father of the child.
  • DNA Mutations: DNA mutation creates the possibility of testing DNA used as evidence for paternity test purposes could be incorrect. Mutations are constant and are not an issue in most cases. However, if sperm has any mutated strand of DNA, the testing for the child could test differently.

How much does DNA test cost?

The cost for testing DNA used as evidence can vary from city to city, state to state, as there is no set fee schedule for this. An average cost for a legal DNA used as evidence in a paternity case could start around $300 and go upward. For a non-legal paternity test, there are kits available over the counter starting around $30, but this does not include the testing. Additional services like the testing and the shipping cost extra.

How long does court-ordered DNA testing take?

If the court pays for testing DNA used as evidence, the turnaround time can take 5 to 8 weeks. If the state is paying for DNA testing, they will require the persons involved in the testing to repay the state.

Can a home DNA test be used in court?

Direct and short answer to this is – No – an at-home DNA test is not admissible in court. You can get a test for DNA used as evidence by a third party, then have it transported to an approved facility. Before purchasing an at-home DNA kit, inquire what the process and restrictions are and if the test will be admissible.

When Would A Test For DNA Used As Evidence Be Needed?

The most common reason for DNA testing is to determine biological parent, typically the father. It could be for a child support dispute, or because a person wants to know. Other legal reasons a judge would order a test for DNA used as evidence:

Child Support and Custody

When a couple is married, and a child is conceived and/born during that time, we assume the man is the father. If the couple were to separate and/or divorce later, the man is still considered legally to be the father and is held financially responsible. This is so even if a DNA test result shows he is not biologically the father.

If a couple has a child while not married, then the courts will determine a legal relationship between the father and child before establishing child support requirements.

If there are any doubts by the presumed father that he is not the child’s biological father, he may request the court have testing for DNA used as evidence before he signs the birth certificate and acknowledges paternity.

Inheritance Rights

Sometimes, inheritances are disputed among the surviving family members and an unknown heir. The alleged heir may file for a test of DNA used as evidence to determine their rights. Heirs with inheritance rights may have other benefits due to them, such as life insurance and Social Security.  Here, the court will order a medical examiner to collect the DNA used as evidence, then submit it to an accredited, approved

Immigration

The government is one of the biggest users of DNA used as evidence to support family relationships to get birth certificates, Social Security card, and other documentation.  

Adoption

A person who has been adopted from birth or a very young age will sometimes have the desire to learn their biological roots. Once they have located the birth parents, it is common they be requested to have DNA used as evidence to confirm the relationship.

DNA testing lab being completed

Bringing Closure

It is clear by the information within this piece that DNA used as evidence to bring closure for many reasons. While there is still a possibility for error with a DNA test, today it is the best method we have to clarify and verify things.  Need quality DNA testing for your court case? Call the experts at Choice DNA at 800-219-4362 today!

Is Prenatal DNA Testing Accurate?

Prenatal DNA Testing In Process

DNA Testing for You and Your Family

Starting a family is a serious undertaking. On top of finding the right stroller, clothes, and enough diapers, there are health risks lurking at every turn. The health of the baby and the health of the mother can be affected by a number of different things. The best way to determine any chance of genetic defect or abnormality is with DNA testing. While you can wait until the baby is born, there are several problems that can occur – many of which can be avoided if a test is run. To learn more about prenatal DNA testing in Merrillville and Hammond, IN, keep reading below or give Choice DNA a call at 800-219-4362.

A Prenatal DNA Test

What is Prenatal DNA Testing?

For many women and men, questions regarding paternity during a pregnancy are common. There are several types of DNA testing that can happen during and after pregnancy. Often, postnatal testing is done by collecting DNA from the umbilical cord or by doing a cheek swab or taking blood from the newborn. Another common, and often preferred, way to test paternity is with prenatal DNA testing. In this process, blood is collected from both the mother and father. Labs then isolate the baby’s DNA within the mother’s bloodstream and compare it to the father’s sample received. Matches are described as having a 99% probability of similarity while incorrect matches are described as having a 0% probability of similarity. These results are incredibly accurate, though the process is expensive. So who does prenatal testing? Tests like this can be done at the hospital, at labs, or by professional DNA testing facilities. DNA testing services like this are safe and won’t harm the fetus. Many mothers wonder is prenatal DNA testing safe and the answer is yes. The baby is in no way affected by the sampling or the procedure. In fact, there are actually many benefits that both mothers and fathers can glean from this process.

Benefits of Prenatal DNA Testing

There is more to prenatal testing than just determining who the father may be. For that, you can always rely on a private investigator, but they won’t be able to tell you about your baby. Women with genetic abnormalities or bodily defects often have testing done well before pregnancy. Many also complete prenatal DNA testing for chromosomal abnormalities when they are pregnant. Either way, in doing so, these tests can provide a wealth of information. 

  • Being Informed: These tests will tell you well ahead of time if your baby will be born normally or with any kind of abnormality. This isn’t to scare you, but to help you become more informed about yourself, your baby, and what needs to be done going forward.
  • No Surprises: Knowing more about any issues with yourself or with your baby can help reduce or eliminate surprises come delivery day. There is no worse feeling that realizing something is wrong and not having enough time or resources to correct the issue.
  • Right Places at the Right Time: More than anything else, knowing about any abnormalities can help you decide on a hospital. Not all delivery wards are the same. Many have special equipment and teams that can help with any abnormality or birth defect that your child may be born with. 

Pregnancy is already a scary and sometimes overwhelming situation for new mothers. Knowing more about your own body and the body growing inside you can help the decision making process a little easier. When you need any kind of DNA testing done, rely on the experts at Choice DNA.

Frequently Asked Questions

How is prenatal DNA testing done?

  • Generally, prenatal DNA testing is done by isolating the baby’s DNA within the mother’s bloodstream. This is a non-invasive method and actually the most accurate option on the market. 

How accurate is non invasive prenatal DNA testing?

  • Non-invasive prenatal DNA testing is much more accurate than you might believe. Though the DNA is collected from the mother, the baby’s DNA is tested against the father’s DNA to find the probability of a match.

Can a DNA test be wrong?

  • In reality, DNA testing can in fact be wrong. Not because the sample or the test itself was faulty, but because the samples that were tested did not match. So, if you are testing the DNA of two individuals and the test concludes the two are not related, technically, that would be considered an incorrect result. 

Does insurance cover prenatal DNA testing?

  • No, insurance typically does not cover prenatal testing because it is not a medically necessary procedure. That being said, there are exceptions, such as if a woman needs an amniocentesis for reason other than a DNA test, the sample can be taken at the same time and a test can be run.

How much does it cost to get a prenatal DNA test?

  • The cost for testing can vary based on the type of test you choose and the facility where you get it done. It can usually cost between $400 and $2,000 for prenatal testing, with non-invasive typically being the most expensive option.
Technician Working on Prenatal DNA Testing

Dial 800-219-4362 to Learn More Today

Schedule a time to come in for prenatal DNA testing in Merrillville and Hammond, IN with Choice DNA. Call us at 800-219-4362 to book your appointment today.

Can You Be Forced to Take a DNA Test?

A Picture of a Genetics Researcher Making a Genetic Analysis.

Reasons You Can Be Forced to Take a DNA Test

One of the most common reasons that someone would be asked to take a DNA test is when they are trying to find out who the father of their child is. It’s important to note that someone cannot be forced to take a DNA test when it comes to DNA paternity testing. If DNA is obtained without the alleged father’s consent, then it is known as a non-legal paternity test and cannot be used in court. People who don’t want a paternity test for court reasons can conduct a DNA test without the knowledge of the father. While the supposed father has the right to refuse a paternity DNA test, there can be legal ramifications. If DNA testing is court-ordered, it is considered a civil lawsuit, so the father refusing the test can be held in contempt of court for refusing the DNA test. For people who have been ordered by the court to a paternity test should know that they don’t have to take the test, but that it can result in charges and fines against the person.

Court Ordered Paternity Test Before Birth

A paternity DNA test is when DNA is taken from the amniotic fluid or fetal testing to determine the identity of the father. When it comes to court-ordered paternity tests, a lot of courts don’t use it as their first option when determining the father’s identity. Typically, if the court does need to determine whether a person is the father of a child, they will wait until after the baby is born to perform the paternity DNA test. The reason they do this is that the court doesn’t want to put the unborn child at risk or harm by performing an invasive test like prenatal paternity tests.

A lot of men ask, “Can you be put on child support without a DNA test?” and the answer is yes if the mother believes or even misleads the alleged father that the child is his. This is why a lot of people want to do paternity testing before birth. However, it is better to wait until the child is born so that the testing is not too invasive to the mother or unborn baby. Another question that is asked a lot is, “How much does a paternity test cost through the courts?” It will depend on what agency they go through to test the DNA.

Can a Home DNA Test Be Used in Court?

When it comes to DNA testing, instead of going to an actual agency more and more people are doing at home-DNA test kit. This is a convenient way to test your DNA without having to leave your home; all you have to do is provide a sample of saliva, blood, or a cheek swab and then send it off to be tested. While it’s an easy way to test DNA, it might not be legally admissible to use in court. The reason being is that someone has to be able to verify that you are the person you say that you are. This begs the question of, “Can you cheat a home DNA test?” and the answer is yes. If you are sending in blood, saliva, or cheek-swab sample, there is no way to verify it was you who actually sent it in. This is why courts don’t find home-DNA test kits reliable. For those who are set on doing at home-DNA testing, then they will need to talk to the court and see if there is any way of making the findings legally admissible.

Can Anything Affect a DNA Test?

It might seem like a cut and dry thing when it comes to obtaining DNA, but there are certain things that can affect the outcome of the findings. Some of the most common ways that a DNA test can be contaminated is if someone smokes, drinks, or eats an hour before taking the test. Another way that the DNA sample can be contaminated is if it comes into contact with someone else’s DNA. Mailing samples that are still wet can also cause your results to become contaminated as they can rip on the way to the testing center. Also, if you’ve had a blood transfusion or has had a bone marrow transplant, then this can also affect the outcome of the results.

Court Ordered DNA Test Results

A Picture of a Scientist Doing a DNA Test in a Lab.

Court Ordered DNA Test Process

If you have been asked for court-ordered DNA results, then you will have to go to a DNA testing center to obtain some of your DNA. The process of testing DNA involves a couple of steps.

  • DNA Samples: At the DNA testing center you go to, you will need to have a government-issued ID to present to the tester. From there they will take oral swab samples.
  • Cell Lysis: This is the process when the membranes in the cell will be broken down so specific nucleic acids or proteins are analyzed.
  • Separate DNA: The next step after cell lysis is separating the DNA.
  • Copying DNA: Once the DNA has been separated, copies of the DNA will need to be processed using a procedure called PCR.
  • Testing DNA: When the DNA has been copied, they will be tested to find genetic markers that will be able to identify relationships.
  • Match DNA: When the genetic markers have been found, they will be matched against another genetic sample.
  • Results of DNA Testing: After all of those steps, the results will be sent to the correct party.

If you need a DNA test, call Choice DNA today at 800-219-4362! We are able to perform court admissible DNA testing, so contact us to make your appointment now. We will be able to discuss court ordered DNA test cost when you call to set up your appointment.

What does the ancestry DNA test tell you?

Technican Holding Vials for DNA TestingUtilizing DNA Testing

Have you always been interested in learning more about your ancestry? Do you want to know who you might be related to? To answer these questions, you could do hundreds of hours of genealogy research. While you may get answers, there could be a lot of gray area and inconclusive answers. Or, you could get DNA testing done, specifically testing ancestry DNA in Merrillville and Hammond, IN. For that, rely on Choice DNA. We provide some of the best services for low costs in your area. Call us today at 800-219-4362 to schedule an appointment for genetic and DNA testing.

Ancestry DNA, Is It Worth It?

For anyone interested in learning more about their familial history, then an ancestry DNA test is a great decision. Otherwise, is DNA testing even worth it? The answer is, yes! Ancestry and relationship dna testing is a good choice for anyone. And now there are several options on the market and companies like Choice DNA that offer easy and affordable testing. DNA testing is important for a number of reasons, one of them being the chance to identify genetic abnormalities. With a DNA test, you can better understand why yourself as well as your families genetic makeup. It can even be used to determine the familial link between supposed relatives. Even if you don’t have a specific reason for a test, having one completed can be incredibly beneficial. In fact, there are several uses for an ancestry dna test if you are needing the push to get one done.

Uses for Ancestry DNA Testing

Ancestry DNA testing can be used for a variety of reasons. If you are considering having a test done, there is a lot that you can do with the information, including:

  • Paternity testing: One of the more common uses for DNA testing is to determine paternity. Because more chromosomes are passed through the father, paternity tests are bought and ordered more often. These tests will determine the familiarity between the paternal side and the tested subject.
  • Family Tree growth: Ancestry DNA testing is more popularly being used to help further family tree growth. These tests can help you identify genetic ancestors that may have been missed in earlier genealogy tests. DNA testing cannot tell you the race or ethnicity of an ancestor, but it can tell you who you may be genetically related to.
  • Criminal Investigations: For a long time now, DNA testing has been used in criminal investigations. The use of these tests helps to determine connections between crimes and criminals. A DNA test can also be used to help confirm your innocence if you are charged with a crime.
  • Genetic testing: A major reason for DNA testing to help families determine any genetic markers that may be passed down the ancestral line. Commonly, it is used to find potential genetic abnormalities and to determine the likelihood of being passed on to another generation

Completing a DNA test or even an ancestry DNA test can provide you with a whole host of information. What you choose to do with it is up to you. When you want to know more about yourself or your ancestors, let Choice DNA help. We can provide efficient testing when you want to know about your ancestry DNA in Merrillville and Hammond, IN.

Ancestry DNA vs Family TreePetri Dish for DNA Testing

There is a bit of a misconception about ancestry DNA testing. Many believe that these tests will provide them race or ethnic information about their ancestors, which isn’t true. Ancestry DNA testing will help to genetically link you to your ancestors. This can be beneficial in growing or improving upon your family tree. These tests look through genetic markers within your familial line to find common connections. Ancestry DNA with traits that match would make you relatives of some sort. Many people may feel off-put by an ancestry DNA cost to test, which is reasonable. There are several options that are expensive, but if you go through Choice DNA, you get affordable costs for the same services.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Can you tell your heritage through DNA?
    • Ancestry DNA tests cannot tell you about the race, ethnicity, or reveal exactly where you ancestors are from. DNA testing is designed to help determine genetic markers that are passed down from either your mother or your father.  
  • Is ancestry DNA maternal or paternal?
    • It can be either or. Depending on what you are looking for, test can be designed to specifically look at the DNA passed from either your mother or your father.
  • Do you inherit more DNA from mother or father?
    • Genetically speaking, you will inherit more from your father than you will your mother. That being said, because chromosomes from both parents are essentially reshuffled completely, it is hard to trace genealogy back very far. Even with that in mind, studies show that fathers will pass more DNA to their sons without much change.
  • How accurate is ancestry DNA test?
    • Ancestry DNA tests are 99.9% accurate. That means you may learn you have a percentage of American Indian ancestry, but it can’t determine if that came from your father or your mother’s side. They would have have to be tested to determine that.
  • Can ancestry DNA results be wrong?
    • Yes, they can in the sense that they are either read or interpreted incorrectly. What that means is, the way a DNA test is set up to read a sample could miss or exclude certain information that would provide a more accurate answer.

Lab Technician Hold Test Tube for Paternity TestConnect With Choice DNA to Learn More About Ancestry DNA Testing in Your Area

Rely on Choice DNA when you need any kind of genetic testing completed. We are a team of experts that can efficiently and professionally provide the answers you need. Call us at 800-219-4362 to test ancestry DNA in Merrillville and Hammond, IN and the surrounding areas.

What is Forensic Testing Used for?

Forensic Testing is Used to Determine Innocence or Guilt in Crimes.

Our Team Provides Forensic Testing Services that are Admissible in Court.

If you’ve ever watched a crime drama on television, then you’ve probably heard the phrase “forensic testing” before. On TV, it’s what the scientist does that leads to finding suspects. It usually also means catching the criminal in the last 10 minutes of the show. While this process actually exists, it is not normally as fast or as easy as entertainment makes it out to be. What is a forensic test? Forensics testing is a process by which lab technicians examine deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, to determine the identity of a person attached to the sample for a number of different reasons. The most common is usually related to criminal activity and trying to determine whether a suspect committed a crime or did not. It is an excellent tool for determining a person’s identity when you absolutely need to know. There are several different ways to examine a DNA specimen to determine who it belongs to. Experts collect these DNA samples are from internal or external sources. For instance, blood or skill cells are very valuable genetic materials for forensic testing. But how is forensic testing done?

Forensic Testing Methods

The forensic DNA testing process is completed in several different ways and methods. While different scenarios call for different kinds of forensic DNA testing, the following are the most common that scientists and lab technicians could use.

Forensic Testing is Useful for Establishing Paternity.

We Use Forensic Testing for Criminal Cases, Paternity Tests, and Even to Verify Your Identity.

  • Short Tandem Repeat (STR) This method is the most-used for crime scene investigation and crime-related forensic testing types. It relies on a genetic sample about the size of a quarter to get results. It is useful for more most situations that require forensic testing, and the FBI has an established database for forensic labs that use this process to help create a baseline for the standard tested 13 specific STR loci. That’s because the likelihood that two people who aren’t identical twins will have the same exact 13 STR loci is approximately one in one billion.
  • Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) This method was used to build the earliest form of genetic fingerprinting. This can be used to identify suspects from genetic material left at a scene. RFLP is still useful for finding markers that point to genetic disorders or diseases. Scientists used RFLP to map the human genome.
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) This method of DNA replication copies small DNA samples. The process uses polymerase to replicate different strands of sample DNA to create more useable material for other testing methods. It is important for tests that require larger amounts of DNA or for increasing the usability of small samples. PCR helps build a DNA profile.
  • Y-Chromosome Analysis Y Chromosomes are passed directly from father to son. Y chromosome analysis is perfect for determining paternity in males. This makes it valuable to situations involving inheritance, infidelity, or a simple test to determine parentage. It helps determine the number of men involved in specific crimes by identifying different y-chromosomes in genetic samples.
  • Mitochondrial Analysis This forensic testing technique uses information from a different part of the cell than STR testing methods. It’s possible to gain DNA evidence from materials like bones and hair fragments with mitochondrial analysis. That means old evidence would still be useful for this updated testing technique.

Do Forensic Scientists go to the Crime Scene?

Watching crime dramas might lead you to believe that the people who do forensic testing services show up at different crime scenes in a pair of sunglasses with a witty retort. While it is possible for actual forensic scientists to go to the field if necessary, they spend most of their time in a lab running tests. Crime scene investigators spend a large part of their training learning the best evidence gathering techniques. This guarantees that forensic scientists get what they need to conduct forensic tests and get results.

Forensics and Crime

Proper Forensic Testing is the Key to Establishing Innocence.

We Offer Forensic Testing that Gets Results When You Need Them.

How are forensics used to solve crimes? We’ve identified some of the different types of forensic testing methods used by laboratories around the world. But that doesn’t answer how it’s possible to catch a criminal with these tests. Forensic science compares genetic markers from the suspect and a sample left at the crime scene. This helps exonerate or incriminate someone the police have in custody. It is also useful for determining who is related and if someone is who they claim to be when someone wants to claim an inheritance. It is even possible to identify a narcotic with forensic drug testing. The process is useful for identifying types of drugs, as well as the person or entity that produced it based on its chemical makeup. How long do forensic tests take? It depends on the type of testing the forensic scientists are running, versus how much genetic material they have at their disposal. Some tests take anywhere between 24 to 72 hours. But due diligence means that some tests might take even longer. If you’re in need of a lab for forensic testing in the Merrillville and Hammond, IN area, contact the genetic testing experts of Choice DNA at 800-219-4362 for lab results that are reliable and admissible in a court of law.

Does Paternity Testing Work?

Doctor feels pregnant woman's stomach

We provide services for parents who want or need to determine paternity as fast as possible.

There are many reasons why someone might want to test the paternity of their child or children. Maybe a past tryst has made a parent uncertain about who is the father of her child. An expecting mother might want to ensure the right man is raising their children. Or maybe two parents just want to be sure. Whatever the reason, there are many new options for a parent who wants to test the paternity of their child. Now, labs can test paternity as early as 9 weeks in to the mothers’ pregnancy.

How Do They Test For Paternity?

There are several ways to test paternity. Postnatal paternity testing can be performed by collecting cheek swabs or performing blood tests. Labs and hospitals can collect samples from all of the parties involved and test the connection between the parents (or alleged parents) and the children. For a paternity test for an unborn child, you can still perform blood tests. The child’s DNA can be detected in the mother’s blood, and so it is possible to perform a non-invasive DNA paternity test. There are other, more invasive options, but they carry greater risks.

Non-Invasive Prenatal Paternity Testing

Pros:

  • Performed at home
  • No risk of inducing miscarriage
  • Results posted online
  • Blood sample collection
  • Testing by week 9 of pregnancy
  • Results as quickly as 3-7 business days

Cons:

  • Potential for human error
  • Requires mail system

Invasive Prenatal Paternity Testing

Pros:

  • Sample collection performed by professionals
  • A more in-depth test

Cons:

  • Small chance of pregnancy complication (including potential for miscarriage)
  • Requires driving to a hospital or lab, which may not be nearby

With this information, individuals will have to decide for themselves “What is the best paternity test?” While the risk of minor and major pregnancy complications is relatively small, most parents would probably choose the more cautious route of a non-invasive prenatal DNA paternity test.

Are Home Paternity Tests Accurate?

Some people might question the accuracy of a paternity test you can conduct yourself in your own home. As long as both potential parents submit samples, the results returned are up to 99.9% accuracy. But can paternity DNA test be wrong? The only thing that could reduce the accuracy of the test is tampering or human error. However, parents could always seek a second opinion if they’re unsure of the outcome of their paternity test, regardless of the accuracy listed on the original test.

Paternity Testing for Family Court

A man and a woman argue in front of a judge

Questioning paternity can cause problems, but our team offers solutions.

This raises another concern of a barrier someone wanting a paternity test might run into. What if only one person wants to test the paternity of their child? Can a father ask for a paternity test? What if a mother wants to test who the father of her baby is, but the potential father refuses a paternity test? Each instance raises its own set of complications and problems. For a person caught in a scenario like this, the answer is usually getting a court ordered paternity test. If a father wants to test the paternity of a child that he thinks is his, he must file the necessary paperwork and submit it to family court. If the potential father is unwilling or unable to get the court ordered paternity test, or wants to wait, there is always the potential for a test after the child is born. Cheek swabs from the potential father and the child can be compared for paternity without the mother’s DNA.

If a potential father is trying to get the family court to force a paternity test, then he should avoid signing the birth certificate. Family court as an institution sees signing the birth certificate as an acknowledgment of paternity, and will not require a DNA test if his signature is on the paperwork.

Does a Paternity Test Give a Father Rights? Unfortunately, a paternity test only proves parentage. Only the court can resolve issues regarding paternity testing and child support, or custody issues This is a section of the paperwork regarding family court. Instead of just filing for paternity, a potential father can file for paternity and custody.

Man gets blood drawn by professional

Even when only one person questions paternity, we can deliver the answers.

At the same time, a mother can utilize the family court in the same way and file to establish paternity with family court. This is the best way to ensure a custody and support agreement is reached if a man does not want to submit to a paternity test and refuses to sign the birth certificate. In cases where the mother wants to establish paternity, but the alleged father does not, a non-invasive, prenatal DNA paternity test is easier to get. If the father wants the paternity test, but the mother does not, the time it takes the courts to mandate a paternity test make a DNA paternity test before the child is born unlikely.

For more information about non-invasive DNA paternity testing, contact the experts at Choice DNA.

Infidelity: What Does It Mean?

Suspicious Spouse Catches Her Husband in Infidelity.

Suspicions of Infidelity Can Lead to Paranoia, Self-Doubt, and Fear.

In an ideal world, no marriage would ever have to suffer the turmoil of infidelity. Unfortunately, it happens all the time, to husbands and wives alike. What’s worse, when you consider all the events that can shake a marriage, including money problems, parental burnout, meddling in-laws, poor communication, addiction, or the collision of careers and home life, none create as big a disturbance as infidelity. Quite often, an extramarital affair will doom a marriage. This can happen immediately after discovery, or even years later, when the cheated-upon spouse finally realizes they checked out long before. The total destruction of trust, which forms the bedrock of every marriage, serves to explain the level of infidelity’s impact.

At Choice DNA, we understand that nothing creates more anxiety and distress than the suspicion of infidelity. As you wonder if your spouse has cheated, the uncertainly will overtake your entire life. You will become suspicious of their every word and action, second-guess everything they say, become paranoid and obsessive, and, sadly enough, perhaps begin to doubt your own sanity. In circumstances like these, you need answers. At Choice DNA, we can provide this through infidelity testing. To learn more about this service, including how we test for infidelity, contact us today.

Why Infidelity Happens

Of course, most victims of infidelity rarely experience anything close to resolution upon the confirmation of their fears. In fact, knowing the truth about an unfaithful spouse often proves just the beginning of even more questions and uncertainty. The question of “why” often proves paramount. In many cases, the cheating spouse themselves cannot even answer this question. According to psychologists, however, adultery tends to occur for the following reasons.

Emotional Disconnection: Most people are surprised to learn that emotional distance serves as the number one reason for infidelity. Cheaters typically cite loneliness and a feeling of isolation as they seek validation outside the marriage. An emotional affair may begin, in which they begin to feel appreciated. Eventually, this emotional connection will flower into a physical relationship.

Physical Gratification: It’s typical for the blast of sexual passion that defines a relationship’s honeymoon phase to dissipate. At that point, some marriages settled into a sexual rut, while others define new ways to explore sexuality as an exciting extension of personal discovery. While the latter serves to indicate a healthy marriage, the former sets up prime conditions for an affair.

Circumstantial: Believe it or not, affairs sometimes occur in relationships for neither emotional nor physical reasons. They simply develop according to circumstance. For example, one spouse might travel often for work. One night, while at a conference, they have one too many drinks at the hotel bar, and fall into bed with the flirtatious stranger who sits down next to them. These types of affairs can often prove the most damaging, simply because there is no definitive reason.

Surviving Infidelity: How Infidelity Changes You

Woman Sitting on the Side of the Bed While Spouse Sleeps as an Indicator of Infidelity.

Sexual and Emotional Distance Are Prime Causes of Adultery.

Should a couple decide to stay together in the aftermath of infidelity, they should expect broad changes to the relationship. Every day will come with challenges, as both partners try to navigate the wreckage of their initial commitment. The victim will find it difficult, if not downright impossible, to trust their spouse. The cheater, on the other hand, may have to deal with self-esteem issues, along with a relentless sense of guilt and shame. Counseling will often prove necessary to support the marriage’s survival. The victim, in particular, can expect the following repercussions in the aftermath of an extramarital affair.

  • Total Loss of Trust
  • Disintegration of Confidence in Your Marriage, Your Spouse, and Yourself
  • Realignment of Priorities, Including Career, Children, and Personal Goals
  • Massive Shifts in Libido, Both Negative and Positive

Of course, it’s not uncommon for marriages afflicted with adultery to fail altogether. Though infidelity and divorce often seem like concomitant terms, however, statistics prove otherwise. Believe it or not, 70 percent of marriages with a cheating partner wind up surviving. This proves that it’s not all doom and gloom in the aftermath of an affair. Some marriages can even emerge stronger than ever. This occurs due to the intense work that both spouses must perform to keep the marriage going. Over time, this crucible can refine and evolve a marriage, make it tougher, more resilient, and, surprisingly enough, stronger than ever before.

Infidelity FAQ

What Are Signs of Infidelity?

It’s important to keep in mind that a cheating spouse may exhibit all the common signs of infidelity, or none at all. Every situation has its own particulars. However, commonly cited reasons to suspect infidelity include:

  • Positive Changes in Personal Appearance
  • Dramatically Different Attitude to the Spouse
  • Emotional Distance
  • Guilt-Ridden Behavior
  • Odd or Unusual Behavior or Changes in Routine
  • Lots of “Late Nights at the Office”, i.e. They Always Seem Busy
  • Frequently Don’t Answer Their Phone or Respond Promptly to Messages
  • Drastic Changes in Sexual Behavior
  • The Sudden Appearance of a “New Friend”
  • Extreme Defensiveness

What Do You Call Someone Who Commits Infidelity?

There are typically many names that a victim will call his or her cheating spouse. The technical term is “adulterer”, however.

Can Someone Go to Jail for Adultery?

Believe it or not, adultery is a crime in 21 states. Punishments range from a $10 fine in Maryland, to three years in jail in Massachusetts.

Do Marriages Survive Infidelity?

Yes. Despite the fact that 62 percent of people say they would leave their adulterous spouse, 70 percent of marriages survive the turmoil.

Will Infidelity Happen Again?

The  old adage of “once a cheater, always a cheater” is simply not true. In most cases, the work done to keep a marriage going after an affair suffices to snuff out the conditions that led to the affair. In the case of spouses who cheat time and again, sex addiction represents the most likely cause.